Nothing as far as the labour law is concerned. Our labour law is ignorant of situations like these and the employees of resorts and hotels has to depend on the generosity of the resort managements to be offered another day in lieu of these two public holidays coinciding or one-and-half-times pay for working on such a day or situations like these. The relevant clause in the labour law is brief. It reads:“Working on a public holiday 38. An employee required to work normal hours on a public holiday shall be paid at least an amount equivalent to half of the minimum wages earned on a normal day of work in addition to over time.
The clause ends there and there is no further ado it. However the need to add further qualifications and clarifications to the clause is evident from problems like this.
In different parts of the world there are provisions for situations like these where two public holidays coincide and here are some excerpts.
…You do not have an automatic right to take bank or public holidays off work, with or without pay. This will depends on your employment contract.
…If a standard public holiday falls on a weekend, a substitute public holiday will sometimes be observed on the first non-weekend day (usually Monday) after the weekend, whether by virtue of the public holiday legislation or by ad hoc proclamation. If a worker is required to work on a public holiday or substituted public holiday, they will usually be entitled to be paid at a holiday penalty rate.____________________________________________________________
…When the usual date of a bank or public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, a substitute day is given, normally the following Monday. For example in 2009, Boxing Day is actually on Saturday, 26 December, so there is a substitute bank holiday on Monday, 28 December.____________________________________________________________
Coming back to the issue of public holidays, different countries have different number of public holidays and for different reasons. Here in Maldives we have comparably fewer public holidays than in other neighboring countries. Below is a list of a few neighboring countries and their public holidays:
Sri lanka (27 public holidays)Tamil Thai Pongal Day Duruthu Full Moon Poya Day National Day Navam Full Moon Poya Day Maha Sivarathri Day Milad-Un-Nabi (Holy Prophet’s Birthday) Medin Full Moon Poya Day Good Friday Day prior to Sinhala and Tamil New Year Day Sinhala and Tamil New Year Day Additional Bank Holiday Bak Full Moon Poya Day May Day Wesak Full Moon Poya Day Day following Wesak Full Moon Poya Day Poson Full Moon Poya Day Esala Full Moon Poya Day Nikini Full Moon Poya Day Binara Full Moon Poya Day Id-Ul-Fitr (Ramazan Festival Day) Vap Full Moon Poya Day Deepavali Festival Day Il Full Moon Poya Day Id-Ul-Allah (Hadji Festival Day) Unduvap Full Moon Poya Day Christmas Eve Christmas Day
Thailand(20 public holidays)1 January – New Year’s Day Chinese New Year (new moon day of third lunar month) Magha Puja Day (full moon day of third lunar month) 6 April – Chakri Memorial Day 13–15 April – Songkran Festival 1 May – National Labour Day 5 May – Coronation Day 9May – Royal Ploughing Ceremony Visakha Puja Day (full moon day of sixth lunar month) Asalha Puja Day (full moon day of eighth lunar month) Buddhist Lent Day “Wan Kao Pansa” (day after full moon day of eighth lunar month) 12 August – H.M. The Queen‘s Birthday End of Buddhist Lent Day “Wan Awk Pansa” (full moon day of eleventh lunar month) 23 October – Chulalongkorn Day Loy Krathong (full moon day of twelfth lunar month) 5 December – H.M. The King‘s Birthday 10 December – Constitution Day 31 December – New Year’s Eve
Bangladesh (17 public holidays)21 February 2010 – International Mother Language Day 27 February 2010* – Eid-e-Miladunnabi 17 March 2010 – Birth day of the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu 26 March 2010 – Independence Day 1 May 2010 – International Labour Day 27 May 2010 – Buddha Purnima 28 July 2010* – Shab-e-Barat 13 August 2009* – Posthumous 15 August 2010 – National Mourning Day 1 September 2010* – Janmastami Bangladesh Revises Janmastami Public Hpliday Date Again 7 September 2010* – [Laylat al-Qadr|Shab-e-Qadar] 10 September 2010* – Jamat-ul-Bida 11 September 2010* – Eid ul-Fitr 17 October 2010 – Durga Puja 17 November 2010* – Eid ul-Adha 16 December 2010 – Victory Day 25 December 2010 – Christmas Day
Nepal (17 public holidays)1 January – New Year’s Day 14 and 15 January – Makar Sankranti 20 January – Saraswati Puja 12 February – Maha Shivaratri 24 February – Education Day 28 February and 1 March – Phagu Purnima 14 April – Nepali New Year 24 August – Raksha Bandhan 25 August – Gaijatra 1 September – Krishna Janmashtami 10 September – Dar Khane Din 11 Septenber – [ Teej in Nepal, fasting by women ] 4 to 7 November – Diwali
South Africa (12 public holidays)1 January – New Year’s Day 21 March – Human Rights Day Sharpeville massacre The Friday – before Easter Sunday Good Friday The Monday – following Easter Sunday Family Day 27 April – Freedom Day 1 May – Workers’ Day 16 June – [Youth Day] Soweto uprising 9 August – National Women’s Day 24 September – Heritage Day 16 December – Day of Reconciliation 25 December – Christmas Day 26 December – Day of Goodwill
Maldives (11 public holidays)National day Prophet’s birthday 1st sitting of the peoples Majlis The day Maldives embraced Islam Independence day Beginning of Ramadan Eid al fitr Victory day Republic day Hajj day Eid al alha
India (11 public holidays)1 January – New Year 14 Makarara Sankrati – (calculated) 26 January – Republic Day 1 May – Labour day 15 August – Independence Day: Marks the day India achieved independence from the British Empire 10 September Eid ul-Fitr (calculated) 2 October – Gandhi Jayanti: Birth Day of Mahatma Gandhi 5 November – Diwali: Ram returned to his kingdom after defeating Ravan Diwali 14 November – Childrens day: Nehru birthday 16 November to November 19 Eid al-Adha (calculated) 25 December – Christmas
So the number of public holidays cannot be as burdensome on businesses as in other countries than in Maldives. In fact Maldives has far fewer public holidays than other neighbouring countries, so employers shall not feel pressed to be mean and frugal when it comes to allowing the employees days off with their families in well deserved public holidays.